Negated character classes
Negated character class
If you use [^..] instead of [..], the class matches any character that isn't listed.
For example [^1-6] matches a character that's not 1 through 6.
Not the same as start
The ^ used here is the same as start-of-line caret, but the meaning is completely different.
q[^u] matches Iraqi, Iraqian
q[^u] doesn't match Qantas, because it called for a lower case q
q[^u] doesn't match Iraq, because q is at the end (newline character is not ^u)
Regex [^x] doesn't mean "match unless there is an x", but rather "match if there is something that is not x"